NATIVE AMERICAN DYES 

Only when documentation has been found are specific tribal names given

Alder (Alnus incana (L.) Moench., Alnus rhombifolia, Alnus serrulata

used by Menominee, Ojibwe, Potawatomi

reddish brown from bark

Birch

Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)

yellow, gold from leaves and stems; shades of green from flower heads

Black walnut

           (all credit to original photographer)

Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis L.)  (all credit to original photographer)

used by Menominee, Ojibwe, Potawatomi

red, orange red; also used to dye skin

Bur Oak

                                                                                                                         Juglans cinerea L                (all credit to original photographer)

Butternut  (Juglans cinerea L.) used by Menominee, Ojibwe, Potawatomi

brown from nut husks, black from bark, deep black when bark is boiled with blue clay

Bristly Crowfoot (Ranunculus pennsylvanicus

used by Potawatomi and Menominee

entire plant boiled for dye, red from roots

 Cedar

 Chokecherry

Cottonwood

Dyer's Coreopsis  (Coreopsis tinctoria)

yellow, tan, gold, orange, brown from chopped plant

Goldenrod (Solidago spp)
Blue-stemmed goldenrod (S. caesia) gray goldenrod (S. nemoralis) early goldenrod (S. juncea) Canada goldenrod (S. canadensis) showy goldenrod (S. speciosa)

dark gold to brown from flower heads; mustard, orange and brown dyes can be obtained from the whole plant

Goldthread (Coptis trifolia

used by Potawatomi

yellow obtained by boiling the cloth with the roots

Hazelnut  Corylus cornuta

bluish dye from roots (Thompson); seed hulls boiled with

butternut hulls to make black (Ojibwe)

Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.) 

used by Ojibwe and Menominee

dark red from bark

Hooked Crowfoot (Ranunculus recurvatus) used by Menominee 

red from root and yellow can be produced; the Ojibwe used burr oak to set the color which was probably red, the Forest Potawatomi used the entire plant to produce a yellow dye


 Jewelweed, Spotted Touch-Me-Not (Impatiens biflora

used by Menominee and Potawatomi

orange or deep yellow using the entire plant

Labrador Tea (ledum groenlandicum Oeder) used by Potawatomi 

brown

 Lambsquarter (Chenopodium alba)

green from young shoots

 Liverleaf (Hepatica triloba)

 used by Potawatomi

yellow from roots

 Red Maple (Acer rubrum)

The boiled inner bark yields a purple colour

dyes wool a golden tan

 Red Oak (Quercus rubra

used by Potawatomi

brownish-red from bark

 Sorrels (Oxalidaceae

used by Menominee and Ojibwe

yellow from whole plant


St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum

green, dark brownish red, browns from flowers only

Strawberry Blite, Strawberry Spinach (Chenopodium capitatum

used by Potawatomi

used as a rouge on skin for clan marks, to heighten color in cheeks and lips

Sumac (Rhus typhina L.

Used by Menominee and Ojibwe

yellow from roots


Yarrow (Achillia)   

yellows and golds from leaves and flowers